J Korean Biol Nurs Sci > Volume 17(1); 2015 > Article
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science 2015;17(1):71-77.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7586/jkbns.2015.17.1.71    Published online February 28, 2015.
Factors Associated with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Song, Hyo Jeong
Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea. hjsong@jejunu.ac.kr
This study was performed to identify lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and to evaluate the factors affecting LUTS in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
The cross sectional study was used with a structured questionnaire to collect data through interviews with 181 T2DM patients and their clinical data from a university hospital diabetes clinic from October 2010 to April 2012. LUTS were measured using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), depression using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from the clinical data.
Of all patients with T2DM, the mean IPSS of LUTS was 9.34 +/- 6.86. Concerning the reported severity of LUTS, 53.6% of the subjects were in the moderate and severe group. In each symptom score of LUTS (range 0-5), nocturia was the highest 2.04, weak stream 1.62, and frequency 1.45. LUTS was significantly predicted by HbA1c and depression, and 14.3% of the variance in LUTS was explained.
HbA1c and depression were found to be very important factors associated with LUTS in T2DM patients.
Key Words: Lower urinary tract symptoms, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Glycosylated hemoglobin

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