J Korean Biol Nurs Sci > Volume 18(2); 2016 > Article
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science 2016;18(2):102-109.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7586/jkbns.2016.18.2.102    Published online May 31, 2016.
Sports injuries and the changes in physical activity, perceived health state and exercise self-efficacy according to the sports injuries of the elderly who participate in physical activities
Seo, Kyung Hee , Eun, Young , Jeon, Mi Yang
1Department of Nursing, Gwangyang Health Sciences University Gwangyang, Korea.
2Department of Nursing·Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. myjeon68@gnu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to describe sports injuries among elderly people and to compare physical activity, perceived health status and exercise self-efficacy between elderly people who had experienced a sports injury and elderly people who hadn't.
METHODS
The sample of this study were 100 elderly in Korea, 51 of whom had had a sports injury. The study used questionnaires to gather data. There were 8 demographic factors, 4 factors related to physical activity, perceived health status and exercise self-efficacy of the subjects. Data were analyzed by frequencies, chi-square test, and t-test.
RESULTS
Among the sports injured elders, one occurrence of a sport injury was 86.3%. There were more outdoor than indoor sports injuries of elders (66.7%), and sports injuries of elders occurred more in the winter (82.7%). The major cause of the sports injuries was loss of balance. Ankles were frequently damaged from these injuries. The most significant change after the sports injury was reduction of physical activity (60.8%). There were significant differences between sports injured elderly and non-injured elderly for age (χ2=2.58, p=.011) and the amount of physical activity (t=1.96, p=.050), but there was no significant difference in perceived health status and exercise self-efficacy.
CONCLUSION
To prevent sports injuries in the elderly means to maintain a medium level of physical activity and to improve their balance.
Key Words: Sports injury, Physical activity, Perceived health status, Exercise self-efficacy, Elderly
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